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Area : 28.748sq.km.                                                                                                                                           Population: 3.400.000                                                                                                                                             Local time : GTM +1 (GTM+2 between the end of April and the end of October)                                               
Capital : Tirana (population 553.435)                                                                                                                    
Language : Albanian ( part of Indo – European family) 
Political System : Parliamentary Republic                                                                                                           
Religion : Muslim, Orthodox and Catholic                                                           
Airport :’ Mother Teresa International Airport
Albania situated on  border with Montenegro to the North with Kosovo to the North East, with Macedonia to the East and Greece to the South. It is washed by the Adriatic and Ionian seas to the West and separated from Italy through Otranto 78 km. Landscapes range are typical Mediterranean in West and South West, and  mixed landscapes in central area, to steep mountains in the inner part of country. On  460 km virgin coast line and fine sandy beaches . The country is jeweled with plenty of beautiful inland lakes, natural lagoons, reserves, hunting grounds.
Albania has Mediterranean climate, because of its mountainous character and broken relief , the climate varies throughout the country. Albania is characterized by hot and dry summers, with bright sunny days and generally mild winters with  rainfalls. In Albanian Alps, in the northern part, the winters are cold and summers chilly. Normally the period from June to September is characterized by hot and sunny weather, while from October to May the weather is cool and wet. The best months to visit Albania are April, May and June as well as the period from mid-October.
Required clothing : light clothing in summer and warm clothing in winter.
Currency Exchange : Many exchange will change foreign currency, but Banks offer the best exchange rates about 140 Leke per 1 Euro and 94 Leke per 1 US Dollar with slight variations. 
History of Albania
Prehistory The origin of the Albanians has been for some time a matter of dispute among historians. Most historians conclude that the Albanians are descendants of populations of the prehistoric Balkans, such as the Illyrians, Dacians or Thracians.The Albanians first appear in the historical record in Byzantine sources of the late 11th century. At this point, they were already fully Christianized.The Albanian language forms a separate branch of Indo-European, first attested in the 15th century.Studies in genetic anthropology show that the Albanians share the same ancestry as most other European peoples.
Antiquity  In classical antiquity, Illyria was a region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula inhabited by the Illyrians. The prehistory of Illyria and the Illyrians is known from archaeological evidence. The Romans conquered the region in 168 BC in the aftermath of the Illyrian Wars. "Illyria" is thus a designation of a roughly defined region of the western Balkans as seen from a Roman perspective, just as Magna Germania is a rough geographic term not delineated by any linguistic or ethnic unity.The term Illyris is sometimes used to define an area (now in modern Albania).
Middle Ages The Kingdom of Albania (Albanian: Mbretëria e Shqipërisë) was established by Charles of Anjou in the Albanian.He took the title of "King of Albania" in February 1272. The kingdom extended from the region of Durrës south along the coast to Butrint.
Early modern (Ottoman Albania) Ottoman rule in Albania began after the Battle of Savra in 1385. The Ottomans erected their garrisons throughout southern Albania by 1415 and established formal jurisdiction over most of Albania by 1431. The last towns captured by the Ottomans were Shkodër in 1479 and Durrës in 1501. The territory which today belongs to the Republic of Albania remained part of the Ottoman Empire until declaring independence in 1912 during the Balkan Wars.
Post-independence - Independence declared on 28 November 1912
Contemporary Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organization, and is one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania is a parliamentary democracy.
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